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The Norte del Valle Cartel (NDVC) emerged out of the breakup of the infamous Cali Cartel to became the wealthiest and most powerful Colombian drug trafficking organization…
The AGC emerged from the ashes of Colombia’s paramilitary movement to become a dominant but fragmented criminal force.
The Barrio Azteca prison gang has grown into an armed criminal organization controlling drug trafficking in Juárez, Mexico.
Roberto Vargas Gutiérrez, alias "Gavilán," transformed himself from Maoist guerrilla to paramilitary fighter to top leader of the Urabeños.
The Patriotic Forces of National Liberation (FPLN) is a guerrilla group based in western Venezuela, along the border with Colombia.
The BACRIM were a collection of Colombian criminal groups who sought, ultimately unsuccessfully, to set up operations in Venezuela.
Colombian guerrilla group the National Liberation Army (Ejército de Liberación Nacional – ELN) has used Venezuelan territory for decades, but…
Venezuela is a vital base of operations for the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC), and three of its seven blocs…
Walid Makled, otherwise known as “El Turco” or “El Arabe," was once the most powerful civilian drug trafficker in Venezuela.
Venezuela is a key transit country for drug shipments leaving Colombia for the United States and Europe. Foreign groups, particularly…
Don Berna was the leader of Oficina de Envigado, a criminal group in Medellin, which grew after the fall of…
Nicaragua has long been one of the least violent countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. Although some local gangs…
Colombia’s transitional justice body has launched an in-depth study of how sexual and gender-based violence was used as a weapon of war.
Although they traffic cocaine in smaller amounts, Nigerian groups still manage to move large quantities from Brazil to world markets.
International experts are predicting continued high levels of migration from Venezuela, which could prove a boon for organized crime groups that have already capitalized on the ongoing exodus and confusion…
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A country-by-country breakdown of the news as well as key criminal groups and players across Latin America and the Caribbean.
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