HomeNewsBriefCongressional Research Service – ‘Gun Trafficking and the Southwest Border’
BRIEF

Congressional Research Service – ‘Gun Trafficking and the Southwest Border’

ARMS TRAFFICKING / 26 JAN 2011 BY INSIGHT CRIME EN

In this report by Vivian S. Chu and William J. Krouse for Congressional Research Services, issued September 21, 2009 by Congressional Research Service for members and committees of Congress , gives an overview of gun trafficking from the United States to Mexico.

The report examines in detail U.S. gun control statutes, including the Gun Control Act of 1968, which dictates how background checks on non-licensed dealers should be completed in the U.S. The report then looks at the enforcement of gun laws by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATF), including the problem of “straw purchases,” or third-party purchases of firearms, and the implementation of Project Gunrunner, an initiative intended to combat arms trafficking to Mexico. The report also includes three case studies involving the prosecution of firearms trafficking, in McAllen, Brownsville, and Victoria, Texas. 

From the report’s summary:

U.S. firearms laws currently govern the possession and transfer of firearms and provide penaltiesfor the violation of such laws. “Gun trafficking,” although not defined by statute, essentiallyincludes the movement or diversion of firearms from legal to illegal markets. This report includeslegal analyses of three ATF-investigated, Southwest border gun trafficking cases to illustrate thefederal statutes that are typically violated as part of wider gun trafficking schemes. The reportalso examines anti-gun trafficking proposals introduced in the 110th Congress. So far, no similarproposals have been introduced in the 111th Congress. The report concludes with possible policyquestions for Congress regarding the magnitude of Southwest border gun trafficking, the use andsignificance of ATF crime gun trace data, the possible ratification of an Inter-American GunTrafficking Convention (CIFTA), and the adequacy of the federal statutes designed to deter andreduce illegal gun trafficking.

Read full report. (pdf)

Compartir icon icon icon

What are your thoughts? Click here to send InSight Crime your comments.

We encourage readers to copy and distribute our work for non-commercial purposes, with attribution to InSight Crime in the byline and links to the original at both the top and bottom of the article. Check the Creative Commons website for more details of how to share our work, and please send us an email if you use an article.

Related Content

ARMS TRAFFICKING / 14 MAR 2011

Alongside the publication Sunday of an Op-Ed by President Barack Obama in the Arizona Daily Star, calling to…

ARMS TRAFFICKING / 23 FEB 2016

Mexico’s arms imports grew by 331 percent over the last five years, compared to 2006-2010, raising more concerns over the…

ARMS TRAFFICKING / 18 JUL 2013

Mexico's Defense Ministry has requested $40 million over the next five years to buy more modern weaponry, as its aging…

About InSight Crime

THE ORGANIZATION

We Have Updated Our Website

4 FEB 2021

Welcome to our new home page. We have revamped the site to create a better display and reader experience.

THE ORGANIZATION

InSight Crime Events – Border Crime: The Northern Triangle and Tri-Border Area

ARGENTINA / 25 JAN 2021

Through several rounds of extensive field investigations, our researchers have analyzed and mapped out the main illicit economies and criminal groups present in 39 border departments spread across the six countries of study – the Northern Triangle trio of Guatemala, Honduras, and El…

BRIEF

InSight Crime’s ‘Memo Fantasma’ Investigation Wins Simón Bolívar National Journalism Prize

COLOMBIA / 20 NOV 2020

The staff at InSight Crime was awarded the prestigious Simón Bolívar national journalism prize in Colombia for its two-year investigation into the drug trafficker known as “Memo Fantasma,” which was…

ANALYSIS

InSight Crime – From Uncovering Organized Crime to Finding What Works

COLOMBIA / 12 NOV 2020

This project began 10 years ago as an effort to address a problem: the lack of daily coverage, investigative stories and analysis of organized crime in the Americas. …

ANALYSIS

InSight Crime – Ten Years of Investigating Organized Crime in the Americas

FEATURED / 2 NOV 2020

In early 2009, Steven Dudley was in Medellín, Colombia. His assignment: speak to a jailed paramilitary leader in the Itagui prison, just south of the city. Following his interview inside…