A new report says that Panama remains a nation of “particular concern” when it comes to financial secrecy and money laundering, suggesting that the Central American nation hasn’t quite kicked it’s reputation as a haven for washing dirty money.
Panama placed in the top 15 of countries around the world with the highest rates of financial secrecy and was the most secretive nation in all of Latin America and the Caribbean, according to the Tax Justice Network’s Financial Secrecy Index for 2020.
(Graphic c/o Tax Justice Network)
Using a combination of qualitative data like laws and regulations to generate a secrecy index and quantitative data to create a weighted global scale, the report concluded that Panama “remains a jurisdiction of extreme concern,” with the country’s top ranking underscoring the “harmful nature of [its] offshore activity.”
However, on a global scale, the index noted that Panama accounts for “just 0.22 percent of the global market for offshore financial services,” making it a “small player compared to other secrecy jurisdictions” like the Cayman Islands and Hong Kong, among others.
In addition to having more than 350,000 secretive international business companies, the report found that the country is “active” in forming “tax-evading foundations and trusts, insurance, and boat and shipping registration,” all of which violate financial secrecy laws.
InSight Crime Analysis
Panama has for years been slammed by international organizations for being “vulnerable to money laundering from a number of sources including drug trafficking and other predicate crimes committed abroad such as fraud, financial and tax crimes,” according to a 2014 report from the International Monetary Fund (IMF).
However, in early 2016, the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) removed Panama from its “grey list” of countries particularly vulnerable to money laundering, noting that authorities had “established the legal and regulatory framework” to meet its commitments to right shortcomings identified by the task force.
Still, the latest report suggests that Panama is still failing to live up to its pledge to combat financial secrecy and the flow of dirty money through the country. Just last year in February 2019, for example, the European Commission blacklisted Panama along with 22 other countries around the world as having “strategic deficiencies in their anti-money laundering [and] counter terrorist financing regimes.”
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“Dirty money is the lifeblood of organized crime and terrorism,” said Věra Jourová, the EU's then Commissioner for Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality. “I invite the countries listed to remedy their deficiencies swiftly.”
That said, Panama may soon be on the verge of turning a new leaf with the recent election of President Laurentino Cortizo in 2019. “We come from a lost decade of corruption and improvisation, of stealing money from Panamanians,” Cortizo said upon taking office. “There will be no untouchables, even if they are ministers, deputies and big businessmen, starting with the president himself.”