HomeNewsAnalysisInSight: Makled's Window into Trafficking in Venezuela Closing
ANALYSIS

InSight: Makled's Window into Trafficking in Venezuela Closing

CARTEL OF THE SUNS / 19 APR 2011 BY JEREMY MCDERMOTT EN

In the coming days, President Santos is expected to extradite alleged drug trafficker Walid Makled to Venezuela, instead of the U.S. With him not only goes Colombia’s traditional foreign policy but a vital source of information on the drug trade in Venezuela.

The Colombian government has said it will extradite Makled to Venezuela because the government of Hugo Chavez put in an extradition request some 20 days before that preceded one filed by the U.S. However, there is speculation that there is far more behind the decision of President Juan Manuel Santos to favor the Venezuelan request, including the recent extradition of Colombian guerrillas from Venezuela and the payment of $800 million of trade debt. Bearing in mind that less than eight months ago, Venezuela had no diplomatic links with Santos’ predecessor Alvaro Uribe and had moved troops to the border, current relations between the neighbors is little short of idyllic.

Makled, alias "El Turco," is believed to have the crown jewels in terms of information on drug trafficking in Venezuela: the involvement of the security forces and part of the political establishment. He claims to have six “extremely compromising” videos showing the involvement of members of the Chavez government in drug trafficking activity.

The 41-year-old Venezuelan, of Syrian extraction, has spoken of paying off as many as 40 generals of the military, as well as having business with the state oil company -- known by its acronym PDVSA -- the National Assembly, and Chavez’s United Socialist Party of Venezuela (Partido Socialista Unida de Venezuela - PSUV). Makled also claims to have five members of the assembly on his payroll and that he had bankrolled the PSUV with more than two million dollars in campaign cash.

There have long been accusations of military involvement in drug trafficking. The "Cartel of the Suns," corrupt elements in the armed forces, are named after the gold stars Venezuelan generals wear on their epaulettes. The military control much of the border region where cocaine crosses from Colombia and the international airport of Maiquetia.

Serving or former members of the military named by Makled include army chief General Henry Rangel Silva, former Director of Military Intelligence Hugo Carvajal, National Guard General Dalal Burgos, and former captain Ramon Rodriguez Chacin, who was also the Minister of Interior and Justice. Makled, for instance, stated that he used to pay General Carvajal $50,000 a week.

Makled said that up to six drug flights a day left the border state of Apure, taking cocaine to Honduras, from where it was shipped to Mexico and into the U.S. He insisted there were drug laboratories in Apure and Maracaibo, and that they were “guarded by the government.” While Makled admits he has not directly dealt with President Chavez, he has spoken of “very close relatives of his.”

Much of this posturing by Makled may have been simply to avoid extradition to Venezuela, preferring to take his chances with the more efficient – and possibly more lenient in this case – justice system in the US. President Chavez has a firm grip on the Venezuelan justice system, and Makled’s chances of receiving a fair trial there are slim.

However, there is little doubt as to his involvement in the smuggling of cocaine. Three of his siblings – Aldala, Bessel and Alex – were detained in November 2008, at a family ranch with 380 kilos of cocaine. From that moment, Makled became a fugitive from Venezuelan justice, until his capture in the Colombian border city of Cucuta in August 2010.

Makled has also been linked to an emblematic drug smuggling case: the April 2006 incident in which 5.5 tons of cocaine were found in 128 suitcases on a plane that landed in southern Mexico (Ciudad del Carmen), having departed from Maiquetia airport outside Caracas. The captured pilot of the flight spoke of National Guard supervising the loading and departure of the plane. Makled’s companies also operated out of the biggest Venezuelan port, Puerto Cabello, where multi-ton drug consignments are believed to leave for the U.S. and Europe.

The Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA) believes Makled and his allies exported up to 10 tons of cocaine a month from Venezuela to the U.S. As well as facing drug trafficking charges, Makled is wanted in Venezuela for murder, including that of journalist Orel Sambrano, who reported on Makled’s business empire.

The likelihood is that once extradited to the Venezuela, little more information on Makled and his activities will emerge. He will be convicted of drug trafficking and perhaps murder, and disappear into a prison cell. And with him will disappear perhaps the most accurate glimpse of the system of drug trafficking in Venezuela, a nation that now handles an estimated 200 tons of cocaine very year.

share icon icon icon

Was this content helpful?

We want to sustain Latin America’s largest organized crime database, but in order to do so, we need resources.

DONATE

What are your thoughts? Click here to send InSight Crime your comments.

We encourage readers to copy and distribute our work for non-commercial purposes, with attribution to InSight Crime in the byline and links to the original at both the top and bottom of the article. Check the Creative Commons website for more details of how to share our work, and please send us an email if you use an article.

Was this content helpful?

We want to sustain Latin America’s largest organized crime database, but in order to do so, we need resources.

DONATE

Related Content

BRAZIL / 23 NOV 2022

A lack of regulation surrounding how crypto-currencies are used by organized crime has left Latin America dangerously exposed.

EL KOKI / 23 JUL 2021

Salesmen in Caracas have come up with an enterprising response to the Venezuelan capital’s descent into criminal warfare: selling devotional…

CARTEL OF THE SUNS / 14 JAN 2021

The “Cartel of the Suns” (Cartel de los Soles) is the term used to describe the shadowy groups inside Venezuela’s…

About InSight Crime

THE ORGANIZATION

‘Ndrangheta Investigation, Exclusive Interview With Suriname President Make Waves

2 DEC 2022

Two weeks ago, InSight Crime published an investigation into how Italian mafia clan the ‘Ndrangheta built a cocaine trafficking network from South America to ‘Ndrangheta-controlled Italian ports. The investigation generated…

WORK WITH US

Open Position: Full Stack WordPress Developer

28 NOV 2022

As Full Stack WordPress Developer You Will: Work collaboratively with other developers and designers to maintain and improve organizational standards.Demonstrate a high level of attention to detail, and implement best…

THE ORGANIZATION

Join Us This #GivingTuesday in Exposing Organized Crime

24 NOV 2022

For over twelve years, InSight Crime has contributed to the global dialogue on organized crime and corruption. Our work has provided policymakers, analysts, academics, journalists, and the general public with…

THE ORGANIZATION

Like Crime, Our Coverage Knows No Borders

18 NOV 2022

The nature of global organized crime means that while InSight Crime focuses on Latin America, we also follow criminal dynamics worldwide. InSight Crime investigator Alessandro Ford covers the connections between Latin American and European…

THE ORGANIZATION

Using Data to Expose Crime

11 NOV 2022

Co-director Jeremy McDermott made a virtual presentation at a conference hosted by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC). The ‘Sixth International Conference on Governance, Crime, and Justice…