Brazil's biggest criminal group has reportedly attempted to smuggle high-powered firearms from Venezuela in order to expand its illegal activities, taking advantage of the neighboring country's economic crisis, lack of oversight on the part of the government and the new dynamics on the border generated by a wave of Venezuelan migrants.
A recently leaked telephone wiretap picked up a conversation between two members of the First Capital Command (Primeiro Comando da Capital – PCC) about the purchase of AK-47 and AR-15 rifles from Venezuela. The gang members are currently imprisoned in facilities in the PCC's home city of São Paulo and in the northern state of Roraima along the border with Venezuela.
Roraima state police intercepted the September 4, 2017 conversation as part of an investigation that showed "for the first time that the border has become a trade route for heavy arms related to drug trafficking," reported Brazil's O Globo, which gained exclusive access to the wiretap transcript.
SEE ALSO: PCC News and Profiles
In one part of the conversation, the PCC members discuss high-caliber weapons and their prices. “Jaçanã,” incarcerated in the São Paulo state penitentiary system, is speaking to a man identified as "Toni Caolho," a prisoner at the Monte Cristo Agricultural Penitentiary in Boa Vista, Roraima, about caliber sizes.
“Ahem. And what about ... the thicker ones?”
“The thickest ones -- I'm getting there, bro. I'm getting there with the AK-47s! The guy said he's sending me some pictures this week. An AR-15, you know? We're looking into prices here, bro.”
O Globo's report also references the arrest of two Venezuelans a few months ago, when they were caught trafficking drugs to Roraima. Saved on one of their cell phones were messages from inmates in Brazil asking them to deliver high-caliber weaponry.
InSight Crime Analysis
These findings reveal the possibility that the most powerful gang in Brazil is smuggling drugs and weapons from Venezuela in search of new routes and partners to continue expanding its criminal activities in South America.
On the other hand, this connection or exchange between criminal groups from the two countries is not surprising to Brazilian authorities. In August 2017, Roraima Governor Suely Campos had warned about the increase of crime in the state due to an influx of Venezuelan migrants, and requested that President Michel Temer strengthen security along the border.
"We have 2,000 kilometers of land border with many hidden access routes that have been transformed into trafficking routes for drugs, people and heavy weapons by criminal organizations," Campos said in a press release.
Increased activity at border crossing points caused by migration of Venezuelans seeking refuge in Brazil could be the primary stimulus for a number of criminal economies in border regions between the two nations. The governor specifically referred to the road between Venezuela’s state of Amazonas and Brazil’s Roraima as being "used as a bona fide corridor for drugs and weapons to enter through the border."
SEE ALSO: Venezuela News and Profiles
While there is no certainty regarding the origin of the arms the PCC members were discussing in the recorded call, it would not be surprising if members of the Venezuelan military who are frequently involved in acts of corruption and drug trafficking are now driven by the economic crisis in their country to turn to arms trafficking with the Brazilian gang.
AK-47s are official weapons of Venezuela's Bolivarian National Armed Forces (Fuerza Armada Nacional Bolivariana — FANB). The institution has been accused in the past of selling or giving weapons to Colombian rebel groups and the gang leaders, or "pranes," who control the prisons and mining region of Venezuela.
AR-15s, meanwhile, are supposedly not imported by the Venezuelan government. But some elite police units received an endowment of such guns in 2017. A week ago, on February 16, a judicial police officer was caught attempting to sell an AR-15 to a criminal organization.
The value of both rifles on the Venezuelan black market is between $5,000 and $8,000. But in the Brazilian market, criminal groups pay up to $22,000 for these powerful firearms.
Thus, Venezuela's economic crisis and its government's lack of control over the use and delivery of its official weapons are facilitating the activities of crime groups seeking to expand their illicit businesses in the region.