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BRIEF

Brazil’s Justice Ministry: Map of Violence Against Youth

BRAZIL / 25 FEB 2011 BY INSIGHT CRIME EN

A report (pdf) by the Brazilian Ministry of Justice informs how murder amongst young people has increased to levels never seen before. This Map of Violence offers detailed information giving an overview on murder rates, including those that were caused by traffic accidents.

Excerpt from the report:

This study is the result of a collaboration between the Brazilian Ministry of Justice and the Sangari Institute, as an attempt to contribute to the understanding of one of the biggest challenges our country faces: how violence is transforming our daily lives. Despite the lack of sound and reliable informational sources available, all of them coincide in:

  • The policies developed in 2003, managed to halt the steep growth of homicidal violence that had been spreading without interruption since 1980.
  • Our rates are still extremely high, both when comparing our indicators with those of other countries in the world, and when it comes to the perceptions and fears of our own population about their security.
  • Our concerns grow when we find that violence continues to be the main cause of death for our young population. Two of three deaths of youth are violent, be it murder, suicide or traffic accidents.
  • In traffic deaths, because of failures in the new traffic code of 1997, figures returned to previous levels and began growing after 2004.
  • Suicides, on the other hand, is still not prevalent in the country. However, it was possible to verify the existence of a number of cities with high suicide rates, most of which happen within indigenous communities, especially amongst their young population.

The original text:

O presente estudo é resultado da colaboração entre o Ministério da Justiça do Brasil e o Instituto·Sangari, na tentativa de contribuir para a compreensão de um dos maiores desafios que hoje enfrenta·nosso país: o da violência irrompendo e transformando o cotidiano da sociedade.·Apesar da grande precariedade nas informações disponíveis, as fontes são coincidentes em·afirmar que:

• As políticas desenvolvidas a partir de 2003 conseguiram estancar o íngreme crescimento·da violência homicida que se vinha alastrando, desde 1980, sem solução de continuidade.

• Nossos índices permanecem ainda extremamente elevados, tanto quando comparamos·nossos indicadores com os de outros países do mundo quanto na percepção e temores da·população sobre sua própria insegurança.

• Nossa preocupação cresce quando verificamos que essa violência continua a ter como principal·ator e vítima a nossa juventude. É nessa faixa etária, a dos jovens, que duas em cada três·mortes se originam numa violência, seja ela homicídio, suicídio ou acidente de transporte.

• Nas mortes no trânsito, depois das quedas ocasionadas pelo novo Código de Trânsito de 1997,·em 2004, os números retornam ao patamar anterior e seguem crescendo a partir dessa data.

• Os suicídios, por sua vez, continuam a não ter grande expressividade no país. Todavia, foi·possível verificar a existência de um determinado número de municípios com índices exageradamente·elevados, nos quais a totalidade ou a maior parte dos suicídios acontece nas·populações indígenas, principalmente entre seus jovens.

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