HomeNewsBriefUN Measures Colombia’s Conflict During Peace Talks
BRIEF

UN Measures Colombia's Conflict During Peace Talks

COLOMBIA / 10 DEC 2014 BY DAVID GAGNE AND ELYSSA PACHICO EN

A new United Nations report provides some sense of the scale of Colombia's conflict since rebel group the FARC began peace talks with the government in 2012, as negotiations reinitiated on December 10, following the capture of a military general in November.

Approximately 50,000 victims were displaced due to actions by the rebel group FARC from November 2012 to June 2014, according to a recent report by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (UNOCHA).

This figure represents roughly 17 percent of over 300,000 victims of displacement in Colombia during that period. Confrontations between the FARC and Colombian military accounted for an additional 27 percent of displacements.

Meanwhile, groups known as "BACRIM," from the Spanish acronym for "criminal bands," were responsible for 23 percent of displacements, and "other" groups were behind 30 percent, according to the UNOCHA report. 

The UNOCHA report also included slightly different figures from Colombia's victims unit, known as the UARIV, which say that guerrilla groups -- including both the FARC and the National Liberation Army (ELN) -- were responsible for 48 percent of displacements; the BACRIM for 19 percent, and "unknown" actors for 31 percent. 

The displacements were concentrated in the country's Pacific region, as well as the department of Antioquia.

Additionally, the UNOCHA report stated that since the peace talks began, 10.5 percent of Colombia's reported extortion cases were attributed to either the FARC or the ELN, without clarifying where this number is sourced from.

The report also stated that "one out of five" kidnappings in Colombia involve either the FARC or ELN, although common crime is responsible for the majority of cases -- 76 percent. 

InSight Crime Analysis

When it comes to the question of whether the FARC have been the primary drivers of Colombia's conflict since the peace talks began, the figures from the UNOCHA report don't present a very clearcut answer. This isn't helped by the report's occasionally unclear explanations of where it sourced its statistics from.

SEE ALSO: FARC News and Profiles

Some of the figures sourced from the UNOCHA report could certainly be used to make the case that other actors besides the FARC remain major contributors to the conflict. Even if the FARC and the ELN are responsible for 48 percent of Colombia's displacements, put together, the BACRIM and "unknown" actors" are responsible for 50 percent, according to the UARIV figures quoted in the report.

share icon icon icon

Was this content helpful?

We want to sustain Latin America’s largest organized crime database, but in order to do so, we need resources.

DONATE

What are your thoughts? Click here to send InSight Crime your comments.

We encourage readers to copy and distribute our work for non-commercial purposes, with attribution to InSight Crime in the byline and links to the original at both the top and bottom of the article. Check the Creative Commons website for more details of how to share our work, and please send us an email if you use an article.

Was this content helpful?

We want to sustain Latin America’s largest organized crime database, but in order to do so, we need resources.

DONATE

Related Content

COLOMBIA / 20 DEC 2016

Colombia's security forces will be cracking down on dissident elements of the FARC and occupying territories abandoned by demobilized guerrillas,…

COLOMBIA PERSONALITIES / 1 NOV 2010

Until his death in September 2010, Victor Julio Suarez Rojas, alias "Mono Jojoy," was the top military commander of Colombian…

COLOMBIA / 16 NOV 2020

As part of the 2016 peace deal between Colombia's government and the FARC, which ended decades of war, thousands…

About InSight Crime

THE ORGANIZATION

Combating Environmental Crime in Colombia

15 JUN 2021

InSight Crime presented findings from an investigation into the main criminal activities fueling environmental destruction in Colombia.

THE ORGANIZATION

Collaborating on Citizen Security Initiatives

8 JUN 2021

Co-director Steven Dudley worked with Chemonics, a DC-based development firm, to analyze the organization’s citizen security programs in Mexico.

THE ORGANIZATION

InSight Crime Deepens Its Connections with Universities

31 MAY 2021

A partnership with the University for Peace will complement InSight Crime’s research methodology and expertise on Costa Rica.

THE ORGANIZATION

With Support from USAID, InSight Crime Will Investigate Organized Crime in Haiti

31 MAY 2021

The project will seek to map out Haiti's principal criminal economies, profile the specific groups and actors, and detail their links to elements of the state.

THE ORGANIZATION

We Have Updated Our Website

4 FEB 2021

Welcome to our new home page. We have revamped the site to create a better display and reader experience.