HomeNewsBriefTop Dominican Republic Officials Imprisoned Pending Odebrecht Trial
BRIEF

Top Dominican Republic Officials Imprisoned Pending Odebrecht Trial

DOMINICAN REPUBLIC / 8 JUN 2017 BY LEONARDO GOI EN

Several top officials in the Dominican Republic have been remanded to pretrial detention for alleged ties with a massive graft scandal involving Brazilian construction giant Odebrecht, in a case that illustrates what made the island nation so ripe for corruption.*

Judge Francisco Ortega issued pretrial measures on June 7 for all fourteen of the high-profile suspects implicated in the Odebrecht scandal until their case is heard, reported El Nuevo Diario

Ten of them, including Trade Minister Temístocles Montás, as well as other former ministers, prominent opposition figures, businessmen and executives of state-owned companies, were arrested on May 29

Dominican authorities have charged the suspects with money laundering, submitting false statements and bribery in connection with the $92 million in illicit payments that representatives of the Brazilian company shelled out to Dominican officials in exchange for securing 17 public work contracts worth a total value of $163 million between 2001 and 2014.

Odebrecht, Brazil's largest construction firm, admitted last year that it had paid nearly $800 million in bribes to officials in a dozen countries in exchange for help winning bids for public works contracts.

Minister Montás resigned after his arrest, but has denied wrongdoings as well as several other defendants, reported Reuters

The Dominican Republic's Attorney General's Office (Procuraduría General de la República – PGR) also issued a warrant for the arrest of another suspect, currently in Panama, and sought to revoke the parliamentary immunity of three sitting senators also implicated in the corruption scandal.

SEE ALSO: Coverage of the Dominican Republic

According to El Nuevo Diario, Judge Ortega ordered nine of the fourteen suspects be sent to prison and sentenced another two to house arrest until their case is heard. Immunity for the sitting senators was not lifted, but the three were ordered to pay $100,000 in bail each, and were barred from leaving the country.

"We can qualify this as an unprecedented event because of the multitude of crimes and the position of power of those involved," said Attorney General Jean Alain Rodríguez in comments reported by the Associated Press on May 29.

The trial is expected to start in eight months. 

InSight Crime Analysis

The Dominican Republic was particularly susceptible to Odebrecht bribes because the Brazilian company had no competitors in the country, and high levels of corruption among elites made it easy for Odebrecht representatives to win large infrastructure contracts. 

"A giant like Odebrecht didn't have any real competitor in a small country like the Dominican Republic," the correspondent for the Associated Press in the country, Ezequiel Abiú López, told InSight Crime.

Indeed, of all the countries infiltrated by Odebrecht the Dominican Republic received the third largest amount of bribes. The $92 million in bribes paid to Dominican officials earned Odebrecht an estimated $163 million in public works contracts, a return of $1.7 million in profits for every $1 million in bribes. While the figures are significantly smaller than those recorded in Brazil, where authorities estimate Odebrecht gained $4 million in contracts for every $1 million paid out to politicians, they are nonetheless significant. 

But the ease with which Odebrecht could infiltrate the Dominican Republic also owes to structural issues that facilitate corruption among the elite. 

"Local officials found in Odebrecht a gold mine through which they could finance their electoral campaigns," Abiú López observed. "And it is crucial to stress that the country does not have a law that forces political parties to reveal the sources of funding for their campaigns."

The extent to which corruption has infected Dominican politics is exemplified by the fact that a man responsible for investigation corruption was himself implicated in the graft scandal. César Sánchez, whom President Danilo Medina appointed to investigate the alleged inflated costs of the Punta Catalina power plant, a large infrastructure project whose contract had been won by Odebrecht, was among the suspects arrested on May 29.

SEE ALSO: InDepth Coverage of Elites and Organized Crime

And while Attorney General Rodríguez may be right in touting this week's operation as unprecedented -- as no country official had been formally arrested in connection with the scandal until May 29 -- Dominican prosecutors have moved more slowly compared to other countries in the region. 

According to Abiú López, this might have been a deliberate political decision by the ruling Dominican Liberation Party (Partido de la Liberación Dominicana – PLD) party. "It is possible that the PLD was trying to reduce the political impact [of the investigations] on the government, while deciding which of the officials and members of the party could be sent to court, in order to reduce people's criticism."

But people also fear the investigations won't uncover the full extent of corruption among elites in the country.

Indeed, Rodríguez, a PLD member, has already struck a deal with Odebrecht, ensuring the company will pay a $184 million fine for the crimes committed in the Dominican Republic, and will commit to disclosing information on local bribe recipients in exchange for not having its executives prosecuted.

Civil society groups have already emerged to call for tougher actions against corrupted officials, including the Green Movement, which has called for an independent probe into the graft scheme.  

* UPDATE, June 9: This article has been updated to clarify several points in the analysis.

share icon icon icon

Was this content helpful?

We want to sustain Latin America’s largest organized crime database, but in order to do so, we need resources.

DONATE

What are your thoughts? Click here to send InSight Crime your comments.

We encourage readers to copy and distribute our work for non-commercial purposes, with attribution to InSight Crime in the byline and links to the original at both the top and bottom of the article. Check the Creative Commons website for more details of how to share our work, and please send us an email if you use an article.

Was this content helpful?

We want to sustain Latin America’s largest organized crime database, but in order to do so, we need resources.

DONATE

Related Content

ELITES AND CRIME / 9 DEC 2014

Three Congressmen in Paraguay have been accused of links to Brazilian drug trafficking groups, as more politicians get drawn into…

ELITES AND CRIME / 9 AUG 2018

In the first of three articles concerning illicit political contributions in Guatemala, we look at the 2007 presidential campaign of…

EL SALVADOR / 4 DEC 2017

The conviction of former El Salvador President Mauricio Funes leaves a bittersweet taste. While it shows the country’s growing power…

About InSight Crime

THE ORGANIZATION

Emergency First Aid in Hostile Environments

24 SEP 2021

At InSight Crime's annual treat, we ramped up hostile environment and emergency first aid training for our 40-member staff, many of whom conduct on-the-ground investigations in dangerous corners of the region.

THE ORGANIZATION

Series on Environmental Crime in the Amazon Generates Headlines

17 SEP 2021

InSight Crime and the Igarapé Institute have been delighted at the response to our joint investigation into environmental crimes in the Colombian Amazon. Coverage of our chapters dedicated to illegal mining…

THE ORGANIZATION

Exploring Climate Change and Organized Crime

10 SEP 2021

In July, InSight Crime Co-director Steven Dudley moderated a panel for the Climate Reality Project's regional series of workshops for young climate activists in the Americas. The week-long event…

THE ORGANIZATION

Gearing Up a New Class of Interns

3 SEP 2021

InSight Crime is readying its newest class of interns – from universities in Europe and the Americas – to begin investigative work on a number of high-impact projects. For the…

THE ORGANIZATION

Tracking Environmental Crime in the Amazon

27 AUG 2021

Next week, InSight Crime launches an investigation – conducted with Brazilian think-tank the Igarapé Institute – on the sophisticated organized crime structures and armed groups that…